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Flammable and Combustible Liquids: How to Comply with NFPA 30 PDF 17



NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code




Flammable and combustible liquids are common substances that pose significant fire and explosion hazards in various industries and settings. To prevent and mitigate these hazards, it is essential to follow the safety guidelines and requirements established by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) in its code for flammable and combustible liquids, NFPA 30.




Nfpa 30 2015 Pdf 17



In this article, we will explain what NFPA 30 is, why it is important, how it is structured, what are the main changes in the latest edition, how to access it online for free, how to download and print it for offline use, and answer some frequently asked questions about it.


What is NFPA 30 and why is it important?




NFPA 30 is a code that provides safeguards to reduce the hazards associated with the storage, handling, and use of flammable and combustible liquids. It covers topics such as classification of liquids, tank design and installation, piping systems, ventilation, fire protection, spill control, emergency response, and more.


NFPA 30 is important because it is enforceable under the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and many state and local regulations. It also reflects the current best practices and scientific knowledge on flammable and combustible liquids safety. By complying with NFPA 30, you can protect your workers, property, environment, and business from potential fires and explosions caused by flammable and combustible liquids.


The scope and purpose of NFPA 30




The scope of NFPA 30 defines what it applies to and what it does not apply to. According to the code, NFPA 30 applies to:


  • The storage, handling, processing, or use of Class I (flammable), Class II (combustible), Class IIIA (combustible), or Class IIIB (combustible) liquids.



  • The storage or use of Class IIIB liquids inside buildings where the quantity exceeds 13.25 L (3.5 gal).



  • The design, construction, installation, operation, testing, or maintenance of tanks, containers, equipment, piping systems, or accessories that contain or handle flammable or combustible liquids.



  • The classification of flammable or combustible liquids based on their flash points (the lowest temperature at which they can ignite) and boiling points (the temperature at which they vaporize).



NFPA 30 does not apply to:


  • The transportation of flammable or combustible liquids by pipeline or other means regulated by federal agencies.



  • The storage or use of flammable aerosols.



  • The storage or use of liquefied petroleum gases.



  • The storage or use of cryogenic fluids.



  • The storage or use of unstable (reactive) liquids.



  • The storage or use of hazardous materials other than flammable or combustible liquids.



The purpose of NFPA 30 is to provide minimum requirements for safety rather than maximum requirements for efficiency. It also aims to balance the benefits of fire protection with the costs of compliance. It does not prescribe specific methods or technologies for achieving compliance but allows flexibility for innovation and alternative solutions.


The structure and organization of NFPA 30




NFPA 30 is divided into six chapters:


  • Chapter 1: Administration. This chapter covers the general provisions such as scope, purpose, application, definitions, units of measurement, references, annexes (informative sections), equivalency (alternative methods), retroactivity (application to existing facilities), enforcement (authority having jurisdiction), appeals (process for resolving disputes), formal interpretations (official clarifications), tentative interim amendments (temporary changes), errata (corrections), revisions (updates), effective date (when the code becomes enforceable).



  • Chapter 2: Referenced Publications. This chapter lists the other codes, standards, publications that are referenced in NFPA 30. It also specifies which edition applies in case of conflicts.



  • Chapter 3: Definitions. This chapter defines the terms that are used in NFPA 30. It also provides examples for some terms.



  • Chapter 4: Classification of Liquids. This chapter classifies flammable or combustible liquids into four classes based on their flash points and boiling points: Class I (flammable), Class II (combustible), Class IIIA (combustible), Class IIIB (combustible). It also provides methods for determining flash points and boiling points.



  • Chapter 5: General Requirements. This chapter covers the general requirements for flammable or combustible liquids safety such as hazard identification (labeling), hazard assessment (analysis), hazard mitigation (control measures), hazard communication (training), hazard management (inspection), hazard response (emergency plan).



  • Chapter 6: Tank Storage. This chapter covers the requirements for tank storage of flammable or combustible liquids such as tank design (materials, construction), tank installation (location, spacing), tank operation (filling, emptying), tank maintenance (testing, repair), tank protection (venting, overflow), tank fire protection (detection, suppression).



The main changes and updates in the 2015 edition of NFPA 30




The latest edition of NFPA 30 was published in 2015. It incorporated several changes and updates from the previous edition published in 2012. Some of the main changes are:


  • A new section on risk assessment was added to Chapter 5 to provide guidance on how to evaluate the potential hazards associated with flammable or combustible liquids.



  • A new section on spill control was added to Chapter 5 to provide requirements for preventing spills from reaching sources of ignition or causing environmental damage.



  • A new section on emergency response was added to Chapter 5 to provide requirements for preparing an emergency plan for flammable or combustible liquids incidents.



  • A new section on aboveground tanks outside buildings was added to Chapter 6 to provide requirements for tanks that are located outside buildings but within property lines.



  • A new section on underground tanks was added to Chapter 6 to provide requirements for tanks that are located below ground level.



  • A new section on portable tanks was added to Chapter 6 to provide requirements for tanks that are designed to be moved from one location to another.



  • A new section on intermediate bulk containers was added to Chapter 6 to provide requirements for containers that have a capacity between 0.45 m (119 gal) and 3 m (793 gal).



  • A new section on composite intermediate bulk containers was added to Chapter 6 to provide requirements for containers that have a rigid plastic inner receptacle surrounded by a metal frame.



  • A new section on metal intermediate bulk containers was added to Chapter 6 to provide requirements for containers that are made entirely of metal.



How to access and use NFPA 30 online for free




NFPA offers free online access to its codes and standards, including NFPA 30, as part of its commitment to enhancing public safety. Online access to NFPA's consensus documents conveniently places important safety information on the desktops of traditional users as well as others who have a keen interest. NFPA is committed to serving the public's increasing interest in technical information, and online access to these key codes is a valuable resource.


The benefits of online access to NFPA codes and standards




Some of the benefits of online access to NFPA codes and standards are:


You can view the most current edition of any code or standard without having The steps to view NFPA 30 online for free




To view NFPA 30 online for free, you need to follow these steps:


  • Visit the NFPA website at https://www.nfpa.org.



  • Click on the "Codes and Standards" tab at the top of the page.



  • Click on the "List of NFPA codes and standards" link under the "All codes and standards" section.



  • Find NFPA 30 in the list of codes and standards and click on the code number (first column).



  • Once on the specific page of NFPA 30, click on the "Free Access" button located under the title.



  • Use the drop-down menu to select an available edition of NFPA 30. The latest edition is 2015.



  • Select the "view" button. A new browser window will open displaying terms and conditions.



  • Review and accept the agreement term to view the publication.



  • Use the "Table of Contents" or paging buttons to view chapters and sections of NFPA 30.



  • Use the Zoom feature to increase or decrease the font size.



Please note: You will be asked to "sign-in" or create a profile to access the codes and standards. If you already have an existing NFPA account, sign in using your NFPA login credentials. If you need to create an NFPA account, register a new account with your email address and a password of your choice. Creating an account is free and takes only a few minutes.


The limitations and restrictions of online access to NFPA codes and standards




While online access to NFPA codes and standards is a valuable resource for users who need to familiarize themselves with a code or check a requirement, it also has some limitations and restrictions that you should be aware of:


  • This is a read-only sitedocuments cannot be downloaded or printed, because NFPA relies on the revenues from people who want to own their own copies to fund its mission.



  • The online access is not intended to replace or substitute for purchasing a copy of the code or standard. It does not provide access to any supplemental information such as handbooks, guides, commentaries, annexes, or errata.



  • The online access is subject to change or discontinuation without notice. NFPA reserves the right to modify or terminate this service at any time for any reason.



  • The online access is subject to internet availability and performance. NFPA does not guarantee that the service will be uninterrupted or error-free.



  • The online access is subject to the terms and conditions of use that you must agree to before viewing the documents. You must comply with all applicable laws and regulations when using this service. You must not copy, reproduce, distribute, modify, or create derivative works from the documents.



How to download and print NFPA 30 PDF 17 for offline use




If you need to download and print NFPA 30 PDF 17 for offline use, you have two options: purchase a digital copy from NFPA or subscribe to a digital service that provides access to NFPA codes and standards.


The advantages and disadvantages of downloading and printing NFPA codes and standards




Some of the advantages of downloading and printing NFPA codes and standards are:


  • You can have a permanent copy of the code or standard that you can use offline without internet connection.

  • You can print out specific sections or pages that you need for reference or annotation.

  • You can save storage space by storing digital files on your computer or device instead of physical books.



Some of the disadvantages of downloading and printing NFPA codes and standards are:


  • You have to pay a fee to purchase a digital copy or subscribe to a digital service that provides access to NFPA codes and standards.

  • You have to update your digital copy or subscription whenever a new edition of the code or standard is published.

  • You have to use compatible software or devices to view, download, or print the digital files.

  • You have to comply with the license agreement that restricts how you can use, share, or modify the digital files.



The sources and options The sources and options to download and print NFPA 30 PDF 17




If you want to download and print NFPA 30 PDF 17, you have two sources and options to choose from:


  • NFPA website: You can purchase a digital copy of NFPA 30 PDF 17 from the NFPA online catalog at https://catalog.nfpa.org. You can select the format (PDF or eBook) and the edition (2015 or prior) of your choice. After completing your purchase, you will receive an email with a link to download the file. You can then view, save, or print the file using a compatible software or device. The price of a digital copy of NFPA 30 PDF 17 is $64.50 for non-members and $51.60 for members.



  • NFPA LiNK: You can subscribe to NFPA LiNK, a digital service that provides access to NFPA codes and standards, including NFPA 30. You can choose from different subscription plans and billing options depending on your needs. With an active subscription, you can view, download, or print any code or standard in the NFPA LiNK library using a web browser on your favorite device. You can also bookmark information, search by situation, add notes, share, and collaborate. The price of an NFPA LiNK subscription varies depending on the plan and billing option you select.



The tips and best practices to download and print NFPA codes and standards




If you decide to download and print NFPA codes and standards, here are some tips and best practices to follow:


  • Make sure you have a compatible software or device to view, download, or print the digital files. For PDF files, you need a PDF reader such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. For eBook files, you need an eBook reader such as Adobe Digital Editions.



  • Make sure you have enough storage space on your computer or device to save the digital files. The file size of NFPA codes and standards varies depending on the format and edition. For example, NFPA 30 PDF 17 has a file size of 8.9 MB.



  • Make sure you have a reliable internet connection to download the digital files. The download speed and time depend on your internet service provider and bandwidth. For example, NFPA 30 PDF 17 may take about 2 minutes to download with a 10 Mbps connection.



  • Make sure you have enough printer ink and paper to print the digital files. The number of pages of NFPA codes and standards varies depending on the format and edition. For example, NFPA 30 PDF 17 has 148 pages.



  • Make sure you comply with the license agreement that restricts how you can use, share, or modify the digital files. You can only print one copy of each code or standard for your personal use. You cannot share, distribute, or sell the digital files or printed copies to others. You cannot modify, alter, or create derivative works from the digital files or printed copies.



Conclusion




NFPA 30 is a code that provides safeguards to reduce the hazards associated with the storage, handling, and use of flammable and combustible liquids. It is important to comply with NFPA 30 to protect your workers, property, environment, and business from potential fires and explosions caused by flammable and combustible liquids.


You can access NFPA 30 online for free by visiting the NFPA website and following the steps to view the code online. Online access is a valuable resource for users who need to familiarize themselves with a code or check a requirement. However, online access has some limitations and restrictions such as read-only access, no supplemental information, subject to change or discontinuation, internet availability and performance, and terms and conditions of use.


You can also download and print NFPA 30 PDF 17 for offline use by purchasing a digital copy from the NFPA online catalog or subscribing to NFPA LiNK. Downloading and printing is a convenient option for users who need a permanent copy of the code or standard that they can use offline without internet connection. However, downloading and printing has some advantages and disadvantages such as cost, update, compatibility, storage space, internet connection, printer ink and paper, and license agreement.


Whichever option you choose, make sure you follow the tips and best practices to access NFPA codes and standards effectively and efficiently.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about NFPA 30:



  • What is the difference between flammable and combustible liquids?



A: Flammable liquids are liquids that have flash points below 37.8C (100F) and vapor pressures not exceeding 40 psia (2068 mm Hg) at 37.8C (100F). Combustible liquids are liquids that have flash points at or above 37.8C (100F) and below 93.3C (200F). Flash point is the lowest temperature at which a liquid can ignite in air when exposed to an ignition source. Vapor pressure is the pressure exerted by a vapor in equilibrium with its liquid phase at a given temperature.


  • What are some examples of flammable and combustible liquids?



A: Some examples of flammable liquids are gasoline, acetone, ethanol, methanol, and toluene. Some examples of combustible liquids are diesel fuel, kerosene, turpentine, and vegetable oil.


  • How do I know if a liquid is flammable or combustible?



A: You can check the safety data sheet (SDS) of the liquid for its flash point and boiling point values. You can also check the label of the liquid for its class designation according to NFPA 30. Class I liquids are flammable liquids; Class II liquids are combustible liquids with flash points at or above 37.8C (100F) and below 60C (140F); Class IIIA liquids are combustible liquids with flash points at or above 60C (140F) and below 93.3C (200F); Class IIIB liquids are combustible liquids with flash points at or above 93.3C (200F).


  • How do I store flammable or combustible liquids safely?



A: You should store flammable or combustible liquids in approved containers or tanks that meet the design and installation requirements of NFPA 30. You should also follow the general requirements of NFPA 30 such as hazard identification, hazard assessment, hazard mitigation, hazard communication, hazard management, and hazard response. You should also consult with your local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) for any additional requirements or regulations that may apply to your specific situation.


  • Where can I find more information about NFPA 30?



A: You can find more information about NFPA 30 on the NFPA website at https://www.nfpa.org/30. You can also contact NFPA customer service at 1-800-344-3555 or custserv@nfpa.org.



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